Share-Based Compensation and Cash-Based Incentive Compensation
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2015
|Disclosure Of Compensation Related Costs Sharebased Payments [Abstract]|
|Share-Based Compensation and Cash-Based Incentive Compensation||
7. Share-Based Compensation and Cash-Based Incentive Compensation
In 2010, the W&T Offshore, Inc. Amended and Restated Incentive Compensation Plan (the “Plan”) was approved by our shareholders, and amendments to the Plan were approved by our shareholders in May 2013. As allowed by the Plan, during 2014 and in 2013, the Company granted restricted stock units (“RSUs”) to certain of its employees. During the six months ended June 30, 2015, no RSUs were granted. RSUs are a long-term compensation component of the Plan, which are granted to only certain employees, and are subject to adjustments at the end of the applicable performance period based on the achievement of certain predetermined criteria. In addition to share-based compensation, the Company may grant to its employees cash-based incentive awards, which are a short-term component of the Plan and are based on the Company and the employee achieving certain pre-defined performance criteria.
During 2014, RSUs granted were subject to adjustments based on achievement of a combination of performance criteria, which was comprised of: (i) net income before income tax expense, net interest expense, depreciation, depletion, amortization, accretion and certain other items (“Adjusted EBITDA”) for 2014 and (ii) Adjusted EBITDA as a percent of total revenues (“Adjusted EBITDA Margin”) for 2014. For 2014, the Company was above target for Adjusted EBITDA and was slightly below target for Adjusted EBITDA Margin.
During 2013, RSUs granted were also subject to adjustments based on achievement of a combination of performance criteria, which was comprised of: (i) Adjusted EBITDA for 2013; (ii) Adjusted EBITDA Margin for 2013; and (iii) the Company’s total shareholder return (“TSR”) ranking against peer companies’ TSR for 2013, 2014 and January 1, 2015 to October 31, 2015. TSR is determined based upon the change in the entity’s stock price plus dividends for the applicable performance period. For 2013, the Company exceeded the target for Adjusted EBITDA and was approximately at target for 2013 Adjusted EBITDA Margin. For 2014 and 2013, the Company was below target for the TSR rankings for each period.
All RSUs granted to date are subject to employment-based criteria and vesting occurs in December of the second year after the grant. For example, the RSUs granted during 2013 will vest in December 2015 to eligible employees assuming the requisite performance goals and employment-based criteria are also satisfied.
The 2014 annual incentive award for the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) was settled in shares of common stock based on a pre-determined price of $14.66 per share, pursuant to the terms of his award. In March 2015, after reductions for employee payroll and withholding taxes, the net amount of the CEO’s 2014 award resulted in 37,316 shares of common stock issued to the CEO. The 2013 annual incentive award for the CEO was settled in shares of common stock based at the price of $14.84, which was the Company’s closing price the day prior to the settlement date. In March 2014, after reductions for employee payroll and withholding taxes, the net amount of the CEO’s 2013 award resulted in 42,547 shares of common stock issued to the CEO. The CEO awards for both years were 100% performance based and were subject to pre-defined performance measures and employment-based criteria, which were the same pre-defined performance measures and employment-based criteria established for the other eligible Company employees, and were subject to approval of the Compensation Committee.
Under the Director Compensation Plan, shares of restricted stock (“Restricted Shares”) have been granted to the Company’s non-employee directors. Grants to non-employee directors were made during 2015, 2014 and 2013. The Restricted Shares are subject to service conditions and vesting occurs at the end of specified service periods.
At June 30, 2015, there were 4,735,483 shares of common stock available for issuance in satisfaction of awards under the Plan and 444,024 shares of common stock available for issuance in satisfaction of awards under the Director Compensation Plan. The shares available for both plans are reduced when Restricted Shares or shares of common stock are granted. RSUs reduce the shares available in the Plan when the RSUs are settled in shares of common stock, net of withholding tax. Although the Company has the option to settle RSUs in stock or cash at vesting, only common stock has been used to settle vested RSUs to date.
We recognize compensation cost for share-based payments to employees and non-employee directors over the period during which the recipient is required to provide service in exchange for the award, based on the fair value of the equity instrument on the date of grant. We are also required to estimate forfeitures, resulting in the recognition of compensation cost only for those awards that are expected to actually vest.
Awards Based on Restricted Stock to Non-Employee Directors. As of June 30, 2015, all of the unvested shares of Restricted Shares outstanding were issued to the non-employee directors. Restricted Shares are subject to forfeiture until vested and cannot be sold, transferred or disposed of during the restricted period. The holders of Restricted Shares generally have the same rights as a shareholder of the Company with respect to such Restricted Shares, including the right to vote and receive dividends or other distributions paid with respect to the Restricted Shares. The fair value of Restricted Shares was estimated by using the Company’s closing price on the grant date.
A summary of activity in 2015 related to Restricted Shares awarded to non-employee directors is as follows:
Subject to the satisfaction of service conditions, the outstanding Restricted Shares issued to the non-employee directors as of June 30, 2015 are expected to vest as follows:
The grant date fair values of Restricted Shares awarded during the first half of 2015 and the first half of 2014 was $0.3 million for both periods. The fair values of Restricted Shares that vested during the first half of 2015 and the first half of 2014 were $0.1 million and $0.3 million, respectively.
Awards Based on Restricted Stock Units. As of June 30, 2015, the Company had outstanding RSUs issued to certain employees. As described above, the RSUs granted during 2014 and 2013 were 100% performance based and were subject to pre-defined performance measures and employment-based criteria. A portion of the RSUs granted during 2013 remains subject to the performance measure of TSR for the defined period in 2015; therefore, the number of RSUs may be adjusted upon determination of the performance. The RSUs subject to performance measurement which has not yet been determined are disclosed in the table below for RSUs potentially eligible to vest.
The fair value for the RSUs granted during 2014 was determined using the Company’s closing price on the grant date as the performance measures were all Company-specific performance measures comprised of Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin. The fair value for the 2013 RSUs was determined separately for the components related to the TSR targets and the Company specific performance measures (Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin). The fair value for the 2013 RSUs component related to TSR targets was determined by using a Monte Carlo simulation probabilistic model. The inputs used in the probabilistic model for the Company and the peer companies were: average closing stock prices during January 2013; risk-free interest rates using the LIBOR ranging from 0.27% to 0.91% over the service period; expected volatilities ranging from 30% to 63%; expected dividend yields ranging from 0.0% to 3.1%; and correlation factors ranging from a negative 84% to a positive 95%. The expected volatilities, expected dividends and correlation factors were developed using historical data. The fair value of all other 2013 RSUs components was determined using the Company’s closing price on the grant date.
All RSUs awarded are subject to forfeiture until vested and cannot be sold, transferred or otherwise disposed of during the restricted period. Dividend equivalents are earned at the same rate as dividends paid on our common stock after achieving the specified performance requirement for that component of the RSUs.
A summary of activity in 2015 related to RSUs is as follows:
All of the outstanding RSUs are subject to the satisfaction of service conditions and a portion of the outstanding RSUs are also subject to pre-defined performance measurements. The RSUs outstanding as of June 30, 2015 potentially eligible to vest are listed in the table below:
The grant date fair value of RSUs granted during the first half of 2014 was $19.9 million. The fair value of RSUs that vested during the first half of 2015 and the first half of 2014 was $0.1 million for both periods.
Share-Based Compensation. A summary of incentive compensation expense under share-based payment arrangements and the related tax benefit is as follows (in thousands):
Unrecognized Share-Based Compensation. As of June 30, 2015, unrecognized share-based compensation expense related to our awards of Restricted Shares and RSUs was $0.6 million and $10.9 million, respectively. Unrecognized share-based compensation expense will be recognized through April 2018 for Restricted Shares and November 2016 for RSUs.
Cash-Based Incentive Compensation. As defined by the Plan, annual incentive awards may be granted to eligible employees and payable in cash. (In the case of the award to the CEO, the awards for 2014 and 2013 were paid in shares of common stock as described above.) These awards are performance-based awards consisting of one or more business or individual performance criteria and a targeted level or levels of performance with respect to each such criterion. Generally, the performance period is the calendar year and determination and payment is made in cash in the first quarter of the following year.
During the first half of 2015, the Company did not issue any cash-based incentive awards for 2015. Amounts recorded during the first half of 2015 relate to the 2014 cash-based awards, for which costs were recognized from the award date through February 2015 (the service period), and adjustments were recorded to true up previous estimates to actual payments.
Share-Based Compensation and Cash-Based Incentive Compensation Expense. A summary of incentive compensation expense is as follows (in thousands):
The entire disclosure for compensation-related costs for equity-based compensation, which may include disclosure of policies, compensation plan details, allocation of equity compensation, incentive distributions, equity-based arrangements to obtain goods and services, deferred compensation arrangements, employee stock ownership plan details and employee stock purchase plan details.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef
No definition available.